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ERC Securing Europe, Fighting its enemies, 1815-1914

Author Archive: Beatrice de Graaf

Prof. Beatrice de Graaf is principal investigator of the ERC funded project ‘Securing Europe, fighting its enemies 1815-1914’. Within the ERC, she researches the Allied Council of Ambassadors and the Emergence of a security culture in the nineteenth century. She is writing a comparative synthesis based on the findings of the project. De Graaf holds the Chair of History of International Relations & Global Governance at Utrecht University. She studied Modern History and German language and culture at Utrecht and Bonn (1998, cum laude) and received her PhD from Utrecht University in 2004 (on the GDR, the Dutch churches and the peace movement, bestowed with the Max van der Stoel Human rights award). She was co-founder of the Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism at Leiden University, Campus The Hague in 2007, where she was appointed professor of Conflict and Security History in 2011. With an NWO VIDI/ASPASIA grant on 'The Making of a National Security State' and as fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS, on the topic of 'Terrorists on Trial') De Graaf contributed to the emerging research field of security history. Her book Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance (2011) was internationally ranked amongst the top 150 terrorism books.

Seeing Security

Security marks the lands. In post-Napoleonic Europe, forts were constructed to give shape to a new sense of security on the continent. Markers of security became increasingly invisible, but the present-day refugee crisis and war in Ukraine have reversed this process.

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